In psychological practice, psychotherapeutic, advisory, teaching and developing work is closely intertwined, sometimes used simultaneously.
Psychodrama, for example - not necessarily psychotherapy. It can be a training training, it all depends on the client’s position and the tasks of the psychologist.
Nevertheless, it is important to distinguish these approaches. When the patient who needs psychotherapy comes to the developmental trainings, the patient himself and the participants of the training next to him suffers. When a vigorous and healthy person gets into psychotherapeutic sessions (which sometimes inaccurately can be called personal growth trainings), he has:
• or a wrong opinion will be formed about what growth and personality development is ("This is for the sick!"),
• or he himself for a while will become sick. This also happens ... See →
How to determine how this specialist works or what is the focus of this group? It is useful:
• to draw on the style of work (how this specialist works),
• look at the prevailing contingent, and
• talk with a specialist (or read his articles) in order to understand his vision and philosophy.
Vocabulary and formulations
It is possible to distinguish beacons (signs) that help to determine whether a given psychologist (this direction) is engaged in his style primarily by psychotherapeutic work or personal development.
Subjective labels of psychotherapeutic work - words and concepts are used: "mental pain", "touch the wound", "sense of insolvency", "upset", "insult", "problem", "need help," "caution, get rid of, "" acceptance. "
Subjective labels of educational and development work (working with people as with healthy people): the words "to set a goal", "solve a problem", "find a better way", "control the result," "develop," "put skill," "work out skill, "" desire, interest. " For more details, see →
Psychotherapists usually come from people experiencing life and mental difficulties who need psychotherapy. On the contrary, people who are looking for a new friendly environment, when new life perspectives, in any case are usually more mentally healthy people, are more likely to gather in personality development trainings. Accordingly, having made an impression of the contingent, we can talk about the nature of the work of this specialist or referral.
Working with people who are characterized by negative thinking, many experiences, fixation on themselves, fears, stress - working with such people is rather a psychotherapeutic one.
If people are more likely to have positive thinking, an active attitude to life, an outward look to people, a vision of opportunities, emancipation - here work is more for development.
The vision of the psychotherapist and the vision of the developmental psychologist
If you use a metaphor, for the therapist the world is usually big and strong, and a person (at least coming to see him at the reception) in relation to the world is smaller and weaker. In the vision of a development psychologist, A man is big and strong, and the World is his workshop, in which he can do many wonderful things with himself, with others, and with the world around. For a developmental psychologist, there are healthy people. For the therapist, the visibility of mental health is rather a facade behind which painful processes under a neurotic shell are always found. In general, for the author’s approach inherent in the developmental psychology, usually characterized by:
• Addressing the client as the Author, and not to the Sacrifice.
• Reliance on the characteristic triad of developmental psychology: Positive - Constructive - Responsibility.
• Focus more on the Outcome, not on the Process.
• Orientation towards the future: "Why", not "Why".
• Concentration on Tasks, not Problems.
• The client is a Person with goals, not an Organism with needs.
See an example of the psychological analysis of the article by VL. Levi "Glow, it’s Radiation," where the themes and turns characteristic of the psychotherapeutic approach are highlighted.
Accept or fight?
The wisdom of the right choice is to fight where there is a chance to overcome difficulties and accept what we can not cope with today. See →