Автор: Н.И. Козлов

Personality

Фильм "Наполеон"

Наполеон Бонапарт с детства вел себя, как личность. Это уже не просто особь с особенностями, это - звание способа жизни!
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Фильм "Кавказская пленница"

Три разных типа личности - три разные реакции в одной и той же ситуации. Это просто три особи со своими особенностями.
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The word "personality" in modern culture has three main meanings: a person as a system-forming characteristic of a person s inner life, a person as an individual with characteristics and a personality as a title.


Personality as a system-forming characteristic of a person’s inner life.

As a characteristic of a person’s inner life, a person is an inner personality that organizes and explains the inner life and behavior of a person. Depending on the psychological school personality is considered in various ways: as an integral system of internal conditions through which all external influences are refracted (L.S. Rubinshtein); as a set of internalized social relations, realized in diverse activities (A.N. Leontiev); as the integrating principle of mental processes (B.F. Lomov, L.M. Vekker); as the controlling link of the psyche (O.I. Motkov), as a set of social roles (J. Mead).


Personality as an individual with characteristics

In accordance with another common understanding, a person is simply a human being-an organism with features, described within the framework of the psychology of individual differences. In describing such a person, such an individual with features, "personality", we show her our respect and further describe the internal, deep differences of people from each other, we note as the type and personality of the personality the most important features of their behavior, communication and response. At such sight the person is each of us, any human individual, having thus various personal features.

Immersed in himself and anxious pessimist melancholy differs, as a person, from a vigorous and sociable optimistic sanguine person, while both types of personality have their own strengths and weaknesses. This level refers to the personality of the infant, the characteristic features of the personality of the offender are studied, it is possible to talk about the characteristics of the personality of the dawn...

The simplest and most practical description of such a person is her typical habits (they are also character traits or, in another description, personal roles) its emotional background (positive, stable or not), its capabilities (knowledge, skills, skills, competences) and its life values ​​(if any as expressed or affect human life). Since both the emotional background and vital values ​​can also be considered as certain habits, the simplest formula is: "Man is a set of habits."


Personality as a title

In this understanding, characteristic of the synthon approach, "personality" is a value concept, a person is called a person for certain merits. Here it is asserted that not everyone is a person, not from birth, a person is a title, and different people have different levels of personality development. The first sprouts of the personality are the stubbornness of the baby "I myself", the next steps are the advocacy of independence for adolescents and the development of independence in adolescence, later - growing up, and on all the way - the development of mind and will. A developed personality is a person with an inner core, who has chosen freedom and his own way. It is a man who builds and controls his life, a person as a responsible subject of will expression. Such people are respected, sometimes admired by them, but it is not always convenient to live next to a person-person. Chekhov’s soul can hardly be called a person, but her husband treasured it. But the Buddha is a person, but for the sake of spiritual search he left his young wife with a child. And the very life of a person-person who is ready to disagree with the environment and insist on his own is not calm and simple, especially when the inner world of the person is disharmonious, and life is not socially organized. On the other hand, an internally harmonious person, successful in his personal and business life, causes real respect, and the person has every reason for his life - and himself, as the author of such a life - be proud.

Personality - not born, personality - become! Or - do not become ... A more dramatic version: a person can break down, a person can break down, and then a person becomes extinct, lives like a vegetable, ceases to be a person...

In any case, all these meanings of the concept of "personality" have something in common, what can be felt in the adjective "personal". "Personality", as a commonly used concept, is given by the following key words: "deep, directivity of life, itself." Personal changes are internal, deep changes in a person.


Personality Psychology

Unlike pedagogy, aimed at educating a person and shaping a personality, psychology primarily studies the mechanisms of these processes. Personality psychology is a section of psychology that studies personality and various individual processes: everything that makes us a person. If social psychology studies a person among people, then the psychology of the individual - he studies a person as such, personal, using the society, and not obeying him, growing with the help of the society, and not just his reproducing one. In the psychology of personality four main sections.

1. The psychology of individual differences studies personality types, features of character and temperament, differences in abilities, thinking, memory, perception, experiences and feelings.

2. Personality structure: what are my motives and other mechanisms of my behavior?

3. Personality development: how does a person become a person, which ensures growth and development of personality? The life path of an individual is once growth and development, once a horizontal movement through life: down stream or against it, and once problems and degradation. Each has its own stages of personal development and each has its own level. See →

4. Managing yourself: managing your own state, your emotions and your behavior: the ability to organize yourself and to motivate yourself.

Personal practices

One can grow a personality, one can develop a personality, sometimes it is more important for a person to be alone. The person sometimes needs to be treated, the personality can be influenced and the personality can be formatted. For all this, there are different means and forms: self-improvement, use of self-organization methods, personal trainings for oneself, education, re-education, psychotherapy, management for others. Trainings of personal growth and development help develop themselves under the guidance of a coach, in a team of like-minded people and within the framework of professionally developed programs. Unfortunately, trainings for trainings are different, that’s why it’s better to go to authoritative Centers that have a lot of experience and qualified leaders. The largest training center in Russia is the "Sinton" center, and the Sinton program is one of the most reliable, environmentally friendly and effective training programs. In Syntone program there are three main trainings:

• Basic training: communication skills,

• The world of emotions: energy, happiness, freedom,

• THE WAY OF SUCCESS: technology for achieving dreams

Recommended.


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