Educational motivation of junior schoolchildren
What are the differences in the cognitive interests of children?
A profound interest in studying an object in elementary school is rare. Well-managed children are attracted to different educational subjects, their content. Characteristic situativeness. At different lessons in the study of different material, there are bursts of interest, rises in intellectual activity. The first-graders need to develop the need to acquire new knowledge, especially among the weak. The survey of first-graders showed: excellent students appreciate the educational content and school rules "I like Russian, it’s interesting there," "I like lessons," "it is necessary that all evaluations are good." The students and the underachievers responded differently: "I like that we play," " , that at school there are days off ".
In what ways can the child’s motivation be developed?
This can be done if:
1. to create a child’s sense of progress, experiencing success in activities. To do this, it is necessary to correctly select assignments, which it can perform relatively easily and receive well-deserved praise;
2. use all the possibilities of the material in order to ask the child: posing problems, creating problem situations, activating independent thinking;
3. to organize cooperation with the child, carrying out mutual assistance, mutual control, mutual evaluation.
The high appreciation motive is more significant for a junior high school student than the broad social motives of the exercise - duty, responsibility, the need for education, etc.
The concept of duty for a junior schoolboy is still largely abstract. This is a distant prospect, like, for example, admission to a higher educational institution. But praise, the mark is real. To get a high mark, the student is ready to immediately sit down and study carefully.
The desire to receive praise and good grades
The main motive of junior schoolchildren: "I want to receive praise and good grades." What consequences can be as a result of the pursuit of the student for good marks? Most simple way to get good marks is the way of reproductive activity, the verbatim repetition of what was heard from the teacher, full imitation of his actions. As a result, the independent creative activity of the pupil decreases. In order to raise the search creative efforts in the rank, and not only the reproductive efforts, it is necessary to find the form of fixing the student’s creative findings.
What should be the evaluation stimulation of the child?
Only positive! Categorically it is necessary to forbid yourself (adult) any reproaches. Only: "Forgot? Remember "," Do not worry - look again at the condition of the task ". Even if you praise it would seem, there is nothing to be found, it is necessary to find the basis for a kind word. The task of parents is to support the child’s independence and the desire to achieve the result.
Setting for success and setting to avoid failure
Students who are set to succeed in all situations, no matter what happens, will never surrender. While a student who tries to avoid failures, it will not be good to study and will not achieve great professional success in the future.
From: Teacher’s notes: everyday life of the American monstroshkoly
At the first lesson, I did a mini-interview to get to know the children better. The standard interview with the child was this:
- My name is Juanita. I have 3 sisters and 7 brothers. I live with brothers, sisters, parents, 4 grandmothers and 4 grandfathers. My sister just gave birth to a child and got married.
"How old is your sister?"
- Sister 15...
It’s clear, in this situation, learning for them is not needed. To my questions in a mini-interview about their hobby, almost everyone answered: sex, smoking, drugs, doing nothing or sleeping for half a day. To my question, what they did not like answered: school, reading, teachers, home...
Motivate everyone, of course, will not work. Well, if you can at least one in the class to interest. They almost all work after school. At many brothers / fathers and other relatives are seated for theft, etc.