The most common kind of thinking - inner chatter, relatively coherent, sometimes even logical, but inexpedient and often negative thinking. This "kind of thinking" is better to stop: inner chatter fills the emptiness of the soul, creates the illusion that life is filled with something. Internal chatter hinders concentration on the goal, is a hindrance in business and martial arts.
In order your thinking becomes clearer and more meaningful, it is recommended that your thoughts are written down and sketched, told patiently by the listener and positively minded associates, and taught yourself effective thinking. So, more in detail.
Write and draw
Begin to write down your thoughts and sketch. Perhaps you have observed: when something is told to you by an intelligent person, he not only tells you, he also draws what he tells you. Now it’s painted, we need something - drew, we’ll come there - painted. Yes, it becomes clearer to both of them.
Get used to write down not only your scrappy considerations, but your reflections in their entirety, whole logical chains, where you understand what you are coming from and where you are going. Even better, these schemes are not easy to write down, but to sketch, draw in diagrams and pictures. As you draw - and you will understand what you want to say.
Have thought up - tell!
It is extremely useful to tell your new thoughts patiently and positively attitudes. The meaning of such a story is the same as "writing down", but a good interlocutor will receive feedback and support - the certainty that you are coping with it. The effect of the story is great. While explain, you start to better understand yourself. According to an anecdote: "I tell him once - he did not understand, I tell him a second time - he still does not understand." I told him a third time, I already understood everything myself, but he did not move!"
Technique "Repeat, agree, add"
Telling is useful, and discussing is more effective. However, so that discussions do not turn into empty arguments, master and practice the exercise "Repeat, Agree, Add." This magnificent technique teaches us to justify our position and express our thoughts coherently. The conversation in this format is a magnificent intellectual gymnastics and in many pairs is a favorite evening game during a walk.
Keep track of your speech
Thinking is inextricably linked with speech: thinking is not only embodied in speech, but is also built by speech. Often, to start thinking differently, you need to accustom yourself a little differently to talk, change your habits. For example, removing the words "problems", "very difficult", "horror" and more often using the words "goal", "task", "interesting" from our speech vocabulary, we make our thinking more constructive. And why do we need to know that thinking and speaking are so tightly connected? And the fact is that your thinking is difficult to track, it is fast and elusive. I thought - and it’s gone. As soon as I thought about what I thought, thoughts are different! And your speech is easier to follow. Therefore: if you want to build your thinking - start watching your speech!
It is easier to follow one’s speech than for one’s thinking.
Watch someone else’s speech
No wonder they say: "From the side it is more visible". In a foreign speech, it is easier to hear logical failures and it is easier to notice evident errors: it is easier to speak about other people’s mistakes than about their mistakes. Therefore, if you want to make your speech clearer, start by following someone else’s speech first, this will greatly facilitate your work.
It’s easier to analyze someone’s speech than your own.
Learn to work with the texts
And the last step: to make it easier for you to analyze the speech (whether it’s your own or someone else’s, oral or written), start by analyzing the written texts. The written text is even easier to analyze than speech, so it is from the analysis of texts that the most effective work begins on "sharpening" your own thinking.
Writing is easier to analyze than oral.
I learned to think when, as a student, I went to the classes of the Moscow Methodological Circle and there I deciphered (translated into text) the recordings of the speeches of G.P. Schedrovitsky, O.I. Genisaretsky, V.M. Rosina and other abstruse people. Their oral presentations were so complex for me that I perceived them rather as an aesthetic event; and I began to understand the content little by little, only when I read each paragraph in a hurry, individually and several times ...
And how do you work with texts? If you want to learn to think, set yourself the task of writing a qualitative, serious article (or better a book) on an important topic for you. First read this, and then grasp the larger task. Start to collect the material for this, set the order in this material, lay out the material on the topics and search for a reasonable sequence. Look for the wording for the main points, look for them justifications and illustrations, separate the hard facts from myths and personal beliefs. Decide for yourself what conclusions you want to bring your readers to, what should they have left in your head after reading your text ... Such clever writing will build your thinking over and over again, making it more clear and effective.