Автор: Любовь Романова, воспитатель, методист

Relaxation games for children

Relaxation games are a way to relieve psychoemotional stress in young children. Little children are often in a state of high psychoemotional arousal. This can be caused by adaptation stress, a crisis of three years, fatigue. I bring to your attention relaxation games that will help to remove psychoemotional stress in a child, create positive emotions in him, calm him and adjust the sleep.

There are different relaxation games:

• games that help to achieve a state of relaxation by alternating strong tension and rapid relaxation of the body’s basic muscles;

• games helping to achieve a state of relaxation by alternating rhythmic breathing and breathing with a delay;

• games with hooks - relaxation is achieved by squeezing and unclenching hands with a conventional laundry hook;

• games «sleep», lullabies.

Games based on neuromuscular relaxation

"Catch the butterfly"

Purpose: Neuromuscular relaxation through alternating strong tension and rapid relaxation.

Execution: the leader shows a flying butterfly, tries to catch it - performs grasping movements over the head with one hand, then the other, with both hands simultaneously.

The children repeat the movements shown. Then slowly unclamp the fists, look, caught the butterfly or not. Then they join the open palms, imagining that they are holding it.

"Ice cream"

Purpose: to remove psychoemotional stress.

Children are invited to play "ice cream". You are ice cream, you just got from the refrigerator, it is hard as a stone, your body is ice. But the sun was warm, the ice cream began to melt. Your body, arms, legs have become soft.

"Cold - hot"

Purpose: to remove psychoemotional tension.

Fulfillment: You play in a sunny clearing. Suddenly the cold wind blew, you felt cold, you froze, clasped yourself with handles, pressed the head to the handles - you were warming yourself. Warmed up, relaxed. But then the cold wind blew again ....

«Magpie-Crow"

Aim: relieve emotional tension.

Fulfillment: Children sit in pairs on chairs, uttering words-poteshki, in turn massage each other fingers of the right hands, starting with the thumb and ending with the little finger, and at the end of the nursery rhythm stroking each other’s palms.

Magpie-crow porridge cooked,

Magpie-crow kids fed

It gave, and gave it

And gave it, and gave it

To the smallest -

From a large bowl

Yes, a large spoonful

All fed.

Relaxation games by alternating rhythmic breathing and breathing with a delay

"Clock".

Purpose: to remove psychoemotional stress through breathing techniques, creating a positive emotional background. Monotonous movements of the hands inhibit negative emotions.

Holding: today we will be with you for hours. Stand straight, spread the legs slightly, put the handles down. Mom wore an hour, and they began to tick: tick-tak. Waving hands forward back.

"Warming the butterfly"

Purpose: to achieve relaxation to achieve relaxation through respiratory techniques.

The leader shows an imaginary butterfly on the palm of his hand, tells that it is frozen and can not fly. Suggests warming her with her breath. Children breathe on their hands (breathing exercise: open your mouth and say a long sound "A"). Butterfly warmed and it must be blown off the palm of your hand. Children take a deep breath through the nose and exhale through the mouth (on exhaling draw out the lips with a tube, utter a long sound "U").

Games with trailers

"Bunny and the dog"

Purpose: to relieve tension, to develop the communicative function of speech, to develop imagination.

A poem is read and the action is performed.

One, two, three, four, five -

The bunny went out for a walk (fingers of the left hand show "bunny").

Suddenly the hunter runs out and lets out the dog.

The evil dog barks (the right hand opens and closes the clothespin, depicting the dog’s barking).

The bunny escapes (the left hand is removed behind the back).

"Fox"

Purpose: to relieve tension, to develop fine motor skills of the hands, to develop the communicative function of speech.

It is rhythmic to open and close the "mouth" of the clothespins accompanying the action by pronouncing the verse text.

A cunning cheat, a redhead,

Mouth opens, scares the bunnies.

"Birdie"

Purpose: to relieve tension, develop fine motor skills, develop the communicative function of speech.

Actions with a trailer are accompanied by text.

The bird took the beak with its beak (the hand with the hook turns from side to side),

The birdie bird found (another hand shows a palm with imaginary grains),

The birdie bird ate (tingle with the clothespin of the palm),

The birdie sang a song (the clothespin rhythmically opens and closes the "mouth" Psychologist and children are singing: la-la-la).

"Fingers"

Purpose: to relieve tension, to develop fine motor skills of the hands, to develop the communicative function of speech.

Perform movements in time with the poem:

Finger, finger moved:

And bend over, and stretch.

You can not be lazy

For 1 hour, and two, and the whole day.

Games - "soporific", lullabies

Such games are protected from excessive impressions and emotions accumulated during the day, calm, exhort. And even treat, for it is not without reason that the words of some lullabies resemble the conspiracies of healers who "expel diseases and sorrows." The tranquil melody of the lullaby contributes to the slowing of the pulse, the expansion of the vessels, and the ordering of the brain rhythms. It is necessary to accompany "soporific" or a lullaby by stroking handles, legs, back, hair. All these actions are necessary in order to develop a conditioned reflex to falling asleep in children. If the teacher does this correctly, the children literally relax before their eyes, quickly go to sleep. Afterwards, they fall asleep, as soon as the teacher begins to hum or say. Children, accustomed to give themselves to the stream of imaginative representations, will begin to sleep in a deep, strong sleep. The baby will have a lasting calm sleep - there will be health. That is why so much attention has been paid to the ritual of going to sleep from time immemorial. To use "sleepers" and lullabies as a way of relaxation, you do not need to be able to sing, you can sincerely and tenderly pronounce.

Baby lullabies on Youtube.

"Kids all sleep time"

Purpose: preparing for bed, relieve tension from the main muscle groups of the baby’s body.

The teacher reads a lullaby, accompanied by stroking each child.

It’s time for our fingers to sleep,

It’s time for our hands to sleep,

It’s time for our eyes to sleep,

It’s time for our legs to sleep,

And it’s time to sleep on our belly,

It’s time to sleep on the back, too.

"Sopsy" for palm"

Purpose: to prepare for bed, to remove negative emotions and tension from the hands.

Children lie in beds, the teacher utters words, accompanying them with movement.

Our hands are tired, they want to rest a little (show their palms, shake them a few times relaxed).

They collected toys (show how they collected invisible toys).

With mum molded buns (polpit from an invisible test).

With granny they cooked a kashka (stir an invisible mush).

Tore in the garden of daisies (picking several times).

They threw bread crumbs to Vorobushka on the path (picking up a handful of fingers, fingering them, throwing no visible crumbs).

Tired of our palms,

Let them rest a little (fold your palms one on the other, relax your hands).

"Toys"

Purpose: to prepare for bed, relieve tension.

Children in beds, the teacher sets the children to sleep.

Time to sleep!

The bull-calf fell asleep,

Lay down in a box on the barrel.

Sleepy bear lay down on the bed,

Elephant also wants to sleep,

Hobot lowers the elephant,

Sees a sweet, wonderful dream.

Our children are sleeping too.

Soft pillows

Warm ears.

Eyes closed,

Tales begin.

Other games and exercises for teaching the child relaxation

• Fighting

• Mouth to lock

• Air balloon

• Waterfall of light

• My pearl

• Get the star

• Magic journey

• Exercises for relaxation and breathing for group sessions with children

• Exercises to relax the muscles

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